Laboratory for Atmospheric Research

Micrometeorology Research Group

RECENT PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS (out of over 80)


  • Russell E. S., H. Liu, and B. Lamb (2017), Wavelet spectra within a forest sub-canopy under different wind directions and stabilities, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JD026817.
  • Ma, Y. and Liu, H (2017) Large-Eddy Simulations of Atmospheric Flows Over Complex Terrain Using the Immersed-Boundary Method in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, Boundary-Layer Meteorol, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-017-0283-9.
  • Gao, Z., E. S., Russell, J. E. C., Missik, M., Huang, X., Chen, C. E., Strickland, R., Clayton, E., Arntzen, Y., Ma, and H., Liu (2017), A novel approach to evaluate soil heat flux calculation: An analytical review of nine methods, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JD027160.
  • Kutter, E., C. Yi, G. Hendrey, H. Liu, T. Eaton, and W. Ni-Meister (2017), Recirculation over Complex Terrain, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD026409.
  • Katul, G., and H. Liu (2017), A Kolmogorov-Brutsaert Structure Function Model for Evaporation into a Turbulent Atmosphere, Water Resources Research, DOI:10.1002/2016WR020006.
  • Li, D., A. Rigden, G. Salvucci, and H. Liu (2017), Reconciling the Reynolds number dependence of scalar roughness length and laminar resistance, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL072864.
  • Gao Z., H. Liu, G. G. Katul and T. Foken (2017), Non-closure of the surface energy balance explained by phase difference between vertical velocity and scalars of large atmospheric eddies, Environmental Research Letters, 12(3), 034025, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa625b.
  • Foken T., A. Serafimovich, F. Eder, J. Hübner, Z. Gao and H. Liu (2017), Interaction forest–clearing. In: Foken T (ed.), Energy and Matter Fluxes of a Spruce Forest Ecosystem, Ecological Studies Vol. 229. Springer, Cham, 309-329.
  • Katul, G., and H. Liu (2017), Multiple mechanisms generate a universal scaling with dissipation for the air-water gas transfer velocity, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL072256.
  • VanReken, T.M., Dhammapala, R.S., Jobson, B.T., Herring, C.L., VanderSchelden, G.S., Kaspari, S.D., Gao, Z., Zhu, Q., Lamb, B.K., Liu, H., and Johnston, J. (2017), Role of persistent low-level clouds in mitigating air quality impacts of wintertime cold pool conditions. Atmospheric Environment, 154, 236–246. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.01.043
  • Russell, E. S., H. Liu, Z. Gao, B. Lamb, and N. Wagenbrenner (2016), Turbulence dependence on winds and stability in a weak-wind canopy sublayer over complex terrain, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD025057.
  • Finn, D., B. Reese, B. Butler, N. Wagenbrenner, K. L. Clawson, J. Rich, E. Russell, Z. Gao, and H. Liu. (2016), Evidence for gap flows in the Birch Creek Valley, Idaho. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-16-0052.1
  • Yusri Yusup and Heping Liu (2016) Effects of atmospheric surface layer stability on turbulent fluxes of heat and water vapor across the water-atmosphere interface, J. Hydrometeor., 0, doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0042.1
  • Katul, G.G., Li, D., Liu, H. and Assouline, S. (2016), Deviations from unity of the ratio of the turbulent Schmidt to Prandtl numbers in stratified atmospheric flows over water surfaces. Physical Review Fluids, 1(3), p.034401
  • Heping Liu, Qianyu Zhang, Gabriel G Katul, Jonathan J Cole, F Stuart Chapin III and Sally MacIntyre (2016) CO2 effluxes at night and during synoptic weather events significantly contribute to CO2 emissions from a reservoir. Environ. Res. Lett. DOI: http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/11/6/064001
  • Finn, D., Clawson, K.L., Eckman, R.M., Liu, H., Russell, E.S., Gao, Z. and Brooks, S., 2016. Project Sagebrush: revisiting the value of the horizontal plume spread parameter σy. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0283.1.
  • Gao, Z. M., H. P. Liu, E. Russell, J.P. Huang, T. Foken, S.P. Oncley (2016), Large eddies modulating flux convergence and divergence in a disturbed atmospheric surface layer, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, DOI:10.1002/2015JD024529.
  • Wang, X., P.M. Ndegwa, H.S. Joo, G.M. Neerackal, C.O. Stockle, H. P. Liu, J.H. Harrison (2016), Indirect Method versus Direct Method for Measuring Ventilation Rates in Naturally Ventilated Dairy Houses, Biosystems Engineering, 144, 13-25.
  • Wang, X., P. M. Ndegwa, H. Joo, G. M. Neerackal, J. H. Harrison, C. O. Stockle, H. P. Liu (2016), Reliable low-cost devices for monitoring ammonia concentrations and emissions in naturally ventilated dairy barns, Environmental Pollution 208, 571-579, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.10.031.
  • Russell, E., H. P. Liu, Z. M. Gao, D. Finn, B. Lamb (2015) Impacts of soil heat flux calculation methods on the surface energy balance closure, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 214-215, 189-200.
  • Guo, X., H. P. Liu, K. Yang (2015) On the Application of the Priestley-Taylor Formula on Sub-daily Time Scales, Boundary Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-015-0031-y.
  • Huang, S., H. P. Liu, D. Dahal, S. Jin, S. Li, S. Liu, (2015), Spatial variations in immediate greenhouse gases and aerosol emissions and resulting radiative forcing from wildfires in interior Alaska, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 1-12. 10.1007/s00704-015-1379-0.
  • Huang, S.L., D. Dahal, H.P. Liu, S. Jin, C. Young, S. Li, S. Liu (2014), Spatiotemporal variation of surface shortwave forcing from fire-induced albedo change in interior Alaska, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 10.1139/cjfr-2014-0309.
  • Zhang, Q., and H.P. Liu (2014), Seasonal changes in physical processes controlling evaporation over inland water, Journal of Geophysical Research -Atmospheres, 119, doi:10.1002/ 2014JD021797.
  • Wei, S.,C. Yi, G. Hendrey, T. Eaton, G. Rustic, S. Wang, H.P. Liu, N. Y. Krakauer, W. Wang, A. R. Desai, L. Montagnani, K. T. Paw U, M. Falk, A. Black, C. Bernhofer, T. Grunwald, T. Laurila, A. Cescatti, E. Moors, R. Bracho, and R. Valentini (2014) Data-based perfect-deficit approach to understanding climate extremes and forest carbon assimilation capacity, Environmental Research Letters, 9 065002 (9pp).
  • Zhang, Q., and H.P. Liu (2013), Interannual variability in the surface energy budget and evaporation over a large southern inland water in the United States, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50435.
  • Huang, S., H.P. Liu, D. Dahal, S. Jin, L.R. Welp, J. Liu, and S. Liu (2013), Modeling spatially explicit fire impact on gross primary production in Interior Alaska using satellite images coupled with eddy covariance. Remote Sensing of Environment, 135, 178-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.rse.2013.04.003.
  • Huang, S., S. Jin, D. Dahal, X. Chen, C. Young, H.P. Liu, S. Liu (2013), Reconstructing satellite images to quantify spatially explicit land surface change caused by fires and succession: A demonstration in the Yukon River Basin of interior Alaska. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 79, 94-105, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2013.02.010.
  • Huang, S., D. Dahal, R. Singh, H.P. Liu, C. Young, S. Liu (2013), Spatially explicit surface energy budget and partitioning with remote sensing and flux measurements in a boreal region of Interior Alaska, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-012-0806-8.
  • Wang S.Y., Y. Zhang, S.H. Lu, H.P. Liu, L.Y. Shang (2013), Estimation of Turbulent Fluxes Using the Flux-Variance Method over an Alpine Meadow Surface in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30, 411-424, DOI:10.1007/s00376-012-2056-1.
  • Liu, H.P., Q. Zhang, G. Dowler (2012), Environmental Controls on the Surface Energy Budget Over a Large Southern Inland Water in the United States: An Analysis of One-Year Eddy Covariance Flux Data, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1893-1910, DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-12-020.1.
  • Yuan W., S. Liu, S. Liang, Z. Tan, H.P. Liu, C. Young, (2012) Estimations of Evapotranspiration and Water Balance with Uncertainty over the Yukon River Basin, Water Resource Manage, 26, 2147-2157, DOI 10.1007/s11269-012-0007-3.
  • Liu, Z.X., S. Liu, F. Hu, Y. Ma, and H.P. Liu (2012) A comparison study of the simulation accuracy between WRF and MM5 in simulating local atmospheric circulations over Greater Beijing, Science China (Earth Sciences), 55(3), 418-427, DOI: 10.1007/s11430-011-4310-2.
  • Liu, H.P., P.D. Blanken, T. Weidinger, A. Nordbo, T. Vesala (2011) Variability in cold front activities modulating cool-season evaporation from a southern inland water in the USA, Environmental Research Letters, 6, 024022 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/2/024022.
  • Yuan, W., Y. Luo, S. Liang, G. Yu, S. Niu, P. Stoy, J. Chen, A. R. Desai, A. Lindroth, C. M. Gough, R. Ceulemans, A. Arain, C. Bernhofer, B. Cook, D. R. Cook, D. Dragoni, B. Gielen, I. A. Janssens, B. Longdoz, H.P. Liu, M. Lund, G. Matteucci, E. Moors, R. L. Scott, G. Seufert, and R. Varner (2011) Thermal adaptation of net ecosystem exchange, Biogeosciences, 8, 1453-1463. doi:10.5194/bg-8-1453-2011.
  • Yuan, W., Y. Luo, X. Li, S. Liu, G. Yu, T. Zhou, M. Bahn, A. Black, A. Desai, A. Cescatti, B. Marcolla, C. Jacobs, J. Chen, M. Aurela, C. Bernhofer, B. Gielen, G. Bohrer, D. Cook, D. Dragoni, A. Dunn, D. Gianelle, T. Grunwald, A. Ibrom, M. Leclerc, A. Lindroth, H. Liu, L. Marchesini, L. Montagnani, G. Pita, M. Rodeghiero, A. Rodrigues, G. Starr, and P. Stoy (2011), Redefinition and global estimation of basal ecosystem respiration rate, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25, GB4002, doi:10.1029/2011GB004150.
  • Zhang, Y., H. Liu, T. Foken, Q. Williams, M. Mauder, and C. Thomas (2011), Coherent structures and flux contribution over an inhomogeneously irrigated cotton field, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 103(1-2), 119–131, doi:10.1007/s00704-010-0287-6.
  • Yi C., and coauthors including H. P. Liu (2010), Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents, Environmental Research Letters, 5, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034007.
  • Chen, D., Y. Li, H.P. Liu, H. Xu, W. Xiao, T. Luo, Z. Zhou, M. Lin (2010), Biomass and carbon dynamics of a tropical mountain rain forest in China, Science China, 53, 1-13, doi: 10.1007/s11427-010-4024-2.
  • Sheng, L., S Liu, and H.P. Liu (2010), Influences of climate change and its interannual variability on the surface energy fluxes from 1948 to 2000, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 27, doi:10.1007/s00376-010-9215-z.
  • Zhang, Y., H.P. Liu, T. Foken, Q.L Williams, S. Liu, M. Mauder, C. Liebethal (2010), Turbulence spectra and cospectra under the influence of large eddies in the Energy Balance EXperiment (EBEX), Boundary-Layer Meteorology, DOI: 10.1007/s10546-010-9504-1.
  • Gao, Z., R. Horton, and H.P. Liu (2010), Impact of wave phase difference between soil surface heat flux and soil surface temperature on soil surface energy balance closure, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, doi:10.1029/2009JD013278.
  • Yuan, W., S. Liu, H.P. Liu, J. T. Randerson, G. Yu, and L. L. Tieszen (2010), Impacts of Precipitation Seasonality and Ecosystem Types on Evapotranspiration in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, Water Resource Research, doi:10.1029/2009WR008119.
  • Zhang, N., Q.L. Williams, H.P. Liu (2010), Effects of land-surface heterogeneity on numerical simulations of mesoscale atmospheric boundary layer processes, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-010-0268-9.
  • Sheng, L., S. Liu, H.P. Liu (2010), Climate-induced hotspots in the surface energy fluxes from 1948 to 2000, Environmental Research Letters, 5, 014001 doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/1/014001.
  • Liu, H.P., Y. Zhang, S. Liu, H. Jiang, L. Sheng, and Q. L. Williams (2009), Eddy covariance measurements of surface energy budget and evaporation in a cool season over southern open water in Mississippi, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 114, D04110, doi:10.1029/2008JD010891.
  • Yi, S., A. D. McGuire, J. Harden, E. Kasischke, K. Manies, L. Hinzman, A. Liljedahl, J. Randerson, H.P. Liu, V. Romanovsky, S. Marchenko, and Y. Kim (2009), Interactions between soil thermal and hydrological dynamics in the response of Alaska ecosystems to fire disturbance, Journal of Geophysical Research -Biogeosciences, doi:10.1029/2008JG000841.
  • Liu, H.P. (2009), A re-examination of density effects in eddy covariance measurements of CO2 fluxes, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 26: 9-16. doi10.1007/s00376-009-0009-0.
  • Liu S., Z. Liu, J. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Ma, H.P. Liu, L. Sheng, F. Liang, G. Xin, J. Wang (2009) Numerical Simulations for the Coupling Effect of Local Atmospheric Circulations over the Area of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei Province, Science in China, 52(3), 1-11.
  • Williams Q. L., R. S. Reddy, H.P. Liu, M. S. Benjamin, D. Lu, K. M. Greene (2008), Comparison of total column ozone data from ground-based MFRSR measurements taken in the southern U.S. region with OMI satellite retrievals, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L20813, doi:10.1029/2008GL035221.
  • Gao Z., R. Horton, L. Wang, H.P. Liu, and J. Wen (2008), An improved force-restore method for soil temperature prediction, European Journal of Soil Science, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2008.01060.x.
  • Liu H.P., J.T. Randerson (2008), Interannual Variability in Surface Energy Exchange Depends on Stand Age in a Boreal Forest Fire Chronosequence, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 113: G01006. doi:10.1029/2007JG000483.
  • Welp, L.R., J.T. Randerson, H.P. Liu (2007) The Sensitivity of Carbon Fluxes to Spring Warming and Summer Drought Depends on Plant Functional Type in Boreal Forest Ecosystems, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.07.010.
  • Oncley, S.P., T. Foken, R. Vogt, W. Kohsiek, H. de Bruin, C. Bernhofer, A. Christen, D. Grantz, E. Lehner, C. Liebethal, H.P. Liu, M. Mauder, A. Pitacco, L. Ribeiro, and T. Weidinger (2007), The Energy Balance Experiment EBEX-2000. Part I: Overview and Energy Balance, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-007-9161-1.
  • Mauder, M., S.P. Oncley, R. Vogt, T. Weidinger, L. Ribeiro, C. Bernhofer, T. Foken, W. Kohsiek, and H.P. Liu (2007), The Energy Balance Experiment EBEX-2000. Part II: Intercomparison of Eddy-Covariance Sensors and Post-Field Data Processing Methods, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-006-9139-4.
  • Zheng, Y.Q., Z.C. Qian, H.R. He, H.P. Liu, X.M. Zeng, G. Yu (2007), Simulations of water resource environmental changes in China during the last 200 years by a regional model, Global and Planetary Change, 55, 284-300.
  • Liu S., H.P. Liu, Y. Hu, C. Zhang, F. Liang, J. Wang (2007) Numerical Simulations of Land Surface Processes and Land-Atmosphere Interactions over an Oasis Desert/Gebi Region, Science China, 50(2), 290-295.
  • Liu, H.P., J.T. Randerson, J. Lindfors, and W.J. Massman, T. Foken (2006), Consequences of Incomplete Surface Energy Balance Closure for CO2 Fluxes from Open-path CO2/H2O Infrared Gas Analyzers, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-9047-z.
  • Randerson, J.T., H.P. Liu, M.G. Flanner, S.D. Chambers, Y. Jin, P.G. Hess, G. Pfister, M.C. Mack, K.K. Treseder, L.R. Welp, F.S. Chapin, J.W. Harden, M.L. Goulden, E. Lyons, J.C. Neff, E.A.G. Schuur, and C.S. Zender (2006), The Impact of Boreal Forest Fire on Climate Warming, Science, 341, 1130-1132.
  • Amiro, B.D., A.L. Orchansky, A.G. Barr,T.A. Black, S.D. Chambers, F.S. Chapin III, M.L. Goulden, M. Litvak, H.P. Liu, J.H. McCaughey, and J.T. Randerson (2006), The Effect of Post-Fire Stand Age on the Boreal Forest Energy Balance, Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, DOI 10.1016/J.agrformet.2006.02.014.
  • Liu, H.P. (2006), Reply to the Comment by Kowalski on 'An alternative Approach for CO2 Flux Correction Caused by Heat and Water Vapour Transfer', Boundary-Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-9042-4.
  • Welp, L.R., J.T. Randerson, and H.P. Liu (2006), The Effects of Stand Age on Seasonal Exchange of CO2 and d18O-CO2 in Boreal Forest Ecosystems of Interior Alaska, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 111,G03007,doi:10.1029/ 2005JG000126.
  • Liu, H.P. (2005), An Alternative Approach for CO2 Flux Correction Caused by Heat and Water Vapor Transfer, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 115, 151-168.
  • Liu, H.P., J.T. Randerson, J. Lindfors, F.S. Chapin III (2005), Changes in the Surface Energy Budget After Fire in Boreal Ecosystems of Interior Alaska: An Annual Perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 110, D13101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005158.
  • Liu, H.P., and J.C.L. Chan (2002), Boundary-Layer Dynamics Associated with a Severe Air-Pollution Episode in Hong Kong, Atmospheric Environment, 36, 2013-2025.
  • Liu, H.P. and J.C.L. Chan (2002), An Investigation of Air-Pollutant Patterns under Sea-Land-Breezes during a Severe Air-Pollution Episode in Hong Kong, Atmospheric Environment, 36, 591-601.
  • Liu H.Z., J.G. Sang, B.Y. Zhang, J.C.L. Chan, A.Y.S. Cheng, H.P. Liu (2002), Influences of Structures on Urban Ventilation: A Numerical Experiment, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 19, 1045-1054
  • Liu, H.P., J.C.L. Chan, and A.Y.S. Cheng (2001), Internal Boundary Layer Structure under Sea-Breeze Conditions in Hong Kong, Atmospheric Environment, 35, 683-692.
  • Liu, S.H., H.P. Liu, M. Xu, M.Y. Leclerc, T.Y. Zhu, C.J. Jin, Z.X. Hong, J. Li, and H.Z. Liu (2001), Turbulence Spectra and Dissipation Rates above and within a Forest Canopy, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 98, 83-102.
  • Liu, H.P., B.Y. Zhang, J.G. Sang, J.C.L. Chan and A.Y.S. Cheng (2001), A Laboratory Simulation of Plume Dispersion in Stratified Atmosphere over Complex Terrain, Journal Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics, 89, 1-15.
  • Liu, H.P., and T. Foken (2001), A Modified Bowen Ratio Method to Determine Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 10, 71-80.
  • Liu, H.P., G. Peters and T. Foken (2001), New Equations for Omnidirectional Sonic Temperature Variance and Buoyancy Heat Flux with a Sonic Anemometer, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 100, 459-468.
  • Sang, J.G., H.P. Liu, H.Z. Liu and Z.K. Zhang (2000), Observational and Numerical Studies of Wintertime Urban Boundary Layer, Journal Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics, 87, 1-15.